South African Government Briefs 13 of 2012

23 August, 2012 - 10:11 -- dimakatso

23 August 2012


United Nations General Assembly

The 67th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) will open in New York, in the United States of America, on 18 September 2012, under the theme: Bringing about adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situation by peaceful means.

The General Assembly is the main deliberative organ of the UN. Decisions on important questions, such as those on peace and security, the admission of new members and budgetary matters, require a two-thirds majority. Decisions on other questions are by simple majority.

UNGA is a platform for both the African continent and South Africa as a nation to make their voices heard on the international stage and to actively push the African Agenda. Issues of importance to South Africa include the African Agenda, through the promotion of peace and security and development; the Middle East, including Palestine; reform of international institutions, including the UN; promotion of South-South cooperation; climate change, including sustainable development; the global financial and economic crisis; and the millennium development goals (MDGs).

South Africa is serving as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council (UNSC) for the period 2011 – 2012. South Africa is committed to promoting and achieving its vision of an African continent that is prosperous, peaceful, democratic, non-racial, non-sexist and united, and which contributes to a world that is just and equitable through effective multilateralism at the sub-regional (Southern African Development Community or SADC), regional (African Union or AU) and global level (UN).

Issues to be discussed at the UNGA include:

  • international peace and security
  • economic growth and sustainable development
  • the development of Africa
  • human rights
  • humanitarian and disaster relief assistance
  • justice and international law
  • disarmament
  • drugs, crime, international terrorism
  • organisational and administrative matters.

This meeting will also discuss the MDGs. These eight development goals are designed to free humanity from extreme poverty, hunger, illiteracy and disease by 2015. Together, they form a blueprint for development agreed on by all the world's countries and leading development institutions.

Key Messages Supporting Statements

Peace, security and development are inextricably linked.

  • South Africa advocates for a long-term approach that interlinks security and development.  
  • The UN and regional organisations such as the AU continue to play a crucial role in the resolution of conflicts through peace-making, peacekeeping and peace-building.
  • Solutions can only be lasting when we work together with all partners on issues; we pledge to work with regional organisations such as the Economic Community of West African States, the SADC as well as the UN and the AU.
  • The AU is the conduit through which to ensure a peaceful and prosperous continent along with assistance from the international community.
  • South Africa strongly emphasises the importance of coordination between countries and regions in finding lasting solutions to conflicts and problems on the continent.
  • By prioritising growth and prosperity when addressing development challenges, we provide people with a sense of optimism and hope.

Global development depends on the reform of institutions of global governance.

  • South Africa supports the promotion of equal distribution of power and influence in the global political and economic systems.
  • The UNSC should be more representative – in both its composition and  decision-making processes.
  • The world is in need of a comprehensive reform of the UNSC, which involves an expanded Council in both the permanent and non-permanent categories, with improved working methods.
  • Keeping with the principle of equitable representation, Africa, which makes up a considerable percentage of the overall membership of the UN, must be represented in the permanent category of the UNSC.
  • South Africa has made, and continues to make, a significant contribution to deepening relations and cooperation between the UNSC and the AU, and encourages cooperation with other regional organisations.
  • We remain committed to strengthening continental institutions, which are critical to responding to the challenges of poverty and underdevelopment, and peace, security and stability on the continent.
  • In becoming more responsive to the needs of developing nations, international organisations should be reformed in accordance with current geo-political realities.

South-South cooperation is critical in global affairs.

  • South Africa will continue to build, strengthen and consolidate bilateral relations with its partners of the South to address common developmental challenges.
  • Countries of the South represent the majority of developing countries in the world and must play a more visible role in global affairs.
  • The countries of the South are no longer outside the world economic mainstream and account for nearly 40% of global trade.
  • The advancement of South-South relations will help eradicate poverty and promote development and prosperity among countries of the South.
  • The regional UN commissions play a catalytic role in promoting South-South cooperation and triangular cooperation through strengthening their technical, policy and research support for countries of their regions.
  • Through bodies such as BRICS (Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa) and IBSA (India-Brazil-South Africa), we aim to foster political solidarity and economic cooperation.


A collective effort is needed to address the global economic and financial problems.

  • The sovereign debt crisis that continues to play out in Europe is a stark reminder of the importance of fiscal stability and sustainability.
  • The continuing vulnerability of several larger European economies presents serious negative implications for the global economy.
  • South Africa urges all economic role-players to put the interest of the global economy ahead of narrow short-term national interests.
  • Europe remains South Africa’s largest trading partner and a continued weakening of economies in Europe will affect our economy directly.
  • South Africa is cautiously recovering from the last major economic crisis and has undertaken to support job creation, maintain the value of the social wage and finance economic transformation as outlined in its New Growth Path (NGP), which is helping rebalance and restructure the South African economy.
  • Africa is one of the fastest growing global markets and stands as a beacon of hope for the world. A forecast from the African Development Bank (AfDB) expects 4,5% growth across Africa in 2012 and 4,8% growth in 2013, with sub-Saharan Africa to grow at an even faster pace.
Climate change and sustainable development is a global concern.
  • Africa and other small island states are under heavy pressure from climate stress owing to, among other things, current low adaptation capacity, making them highly vulnerable to the impact of climate change.
  • Unless this is effectively dealt with, climate change will have a dramatic impact on the realisation of fundamental human rights and reverse the progress that has been made so far towards achieving the MDGs.
  • The poor and marginalised continue to be disproportionately affected by environmental degradation and lack of access to clean, affordable energy services.
  • The MDGs recognise the need to promote gender equality and empower women to participate in all facets of economic and social life, with the aim of achieving sustainable development.
  • Climate change poses a significant challenge to the achievement of sustainable development for the rural poor, especially women, who will suffer disproportionately from its impact.
From Durban to Rio.
  • The “Durban Agreement” breathes new vigour into the global fight against climate change, after several years of slow progress. The agreement signifies a move to concrete actions over the long term in building a framework for a binding agreement.
  • The Rio+20 conference was a critical milestone, especially on key elements that included an agreement on the need to establish a Sustainable Development Council on General Assembly level as well as to upgrade the UN Environment Programme to become the authoritative voice on environmental governance, to promote coordination of the environment leg of sustainable development.
  • We call for the adoption of a ratifiable second Commitment Period under the Kyoto Protocol and its immediate implementation at the beginning of 2013.
  • Developing countries have demonstrated their commitment to playing their part in the global fight against climate change and have presented actions that express significant ambition to reduce emissions.
  • Developed countries must rise to their historical responsibilities and take the lead by undertaking robust and ambitious mitigation commitments consistent with science, and in accordance with the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.
  • South Africa will implement nationally appropriate mitigation actions, which will result in the reduction of emissions by 34% in 2020 and by 42% in 2025.
Achievement of the MDGs remains a top priority.
  • The paramount question of mobilisation of requisite resources by the developing countries to achieve the MDGs cannot be overemphasised.
  • South Africa is one of the few African countries with adequate data for purposes of reporting on the achievement of the MDGs.
  • This report will provide a measuring tool for government to assess the impact of various policies and programmes on the country and its citizens.
  • The MDGs complement the development approach already adopted by the South African Government as it is embedded in our constitutional provision that emphasises the value of respect for human dignity, the achievement of equality and the advancement of human rights and basic freedom.
  • South Africa has endeavoured to improve the lives of the people living in poverty. Between 2002 and 2008, considerable progress was achieved in the provision of social security grants; access to water and sanitation; and the provision of electricity, especially to the historically marginalised groups.
  • Most South African children (ages seven to 13) are receiving primary education and South Africa continues to make significant advances in achieving universal access to primary education.
Peace in the Middle East can only be brought about by dialogue and a commitment to partnership.
  • Developments in the Arab world will have a bearing on the future of the broader Arab-Israeli conflict.
  • The importance of the Middle East in the global economy cannot be over-emphasised, especially in the context of the current global financial crisis.
  • South Africa supports a two-State solution, with Palestine and Israel existing side-by-side in peace within internationally recognised borders (based on 4 June 1967 borders), with East Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine.
  • South Africa identifies with the plight of the people of Palestine. South Africa’s history of apartheid has given us a deeper understanding of oppression and the wounds it leaves behind.
  • South Africa supports the application of Palestine for membership of the UN.
  • The right to self-determination and decolonisation as enshrined in the UN Charter and UN resolutions allow oppressed people to determine their own political destinies in accordance with international law.


Second conference of African Ministers Responsible for Civil Registration

South Africa will host the second Conference of African Ministers Responsible for Civil Registration from 6 to 7 September 2012 at the International Convention Centre in Durban. This will be preceded by a meeting of experts from 3 to 5 September 2012.

The conference is jointly organised by the Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Core Group member institutions, which include the UN Commission on Africa (UNECA), the African Development Bank (AfDB), the AU Commission (AUC), the UN Children's Fund, the UN Population Fund and the Health Metrics Network together with the Government of South Africa.

  • The ministerial conference is expected to gather 250 to 300 participants, including the 54 African ministers responsible for civil registration; senior civil registration technical experts; ministers of health, planning and finance; ambassadors; development partners; young statisticians and professional associations.
  • The objectives of the second conference are, among other things, to review progress; address institutional and human infrastructural challenges; integrate civil registration operations and services with health information management systems and national identification systems; and to develop mechanisms monitoring progress.

The first Conference of African Ministers Responsible for Civil Registration was held in August 2010 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The three premier regional organisations, the UNECA, the AUC and the AfDB, were the lead agencies in coordinating and managing the organisation of the conference jointly with the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.

The second conference is being organised in accordance with the resolution of the first conference, which resolved that the ministerial conference be institutionalised as a standing regional platform that would be held every two years. The preceding preparatory meeting of experts is to provide a comprehensive analytical framework and a roadmap that will be translated into policy statement by the ministers.

  • The conference o will be held under the theme Improving civil registration and vital statistics institutional and human infrastructure in Africa.  
  • The conference will tackle the challenges caused by the absence of reliable vital events data such as births, deaths, marriage and divorce on the African continent.
  • Except for Seychelles and Mauritius, African countries have not reached the level of international standard of completion of civil registration and vital statistics, a status which had led to a phenomenon known as the “scandal of invisibility”. This refers to a state in which some people are born and die without leaving a trace in any legal record or official statistic, therefore, rendering them unseen and uncountable.
  • A functional civil registration system is the basis for building modern legal and public administration systems and the first step is collecting reliable vital statistics.

The former Minister of Home Affairs and Chairperson of the AUC, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma will lead the South African delegation at the conference. A local organising committee (LOC) led by the Department of Home Affairs and Statistics South Africa have coordinated preparations for the conference. The LOC includes the departments of international relations and cooperation, health, social development, defence, tourism, and trade and industry; the South African Police Service; and the State Security Agency.

Key Messages Supporting Statements

Improving institutional and human infrastructure is vital for reliable civil registration and vital statistics in Africa.

  • Civil registration is about building good governance, and a modern and accountable public administration.
  • Civil registration involves interactions between individuals, households and different institutions, especially the organs of government at various levels. Everyone benefits from reliable information.
  • Countries are tightening their security systems through national identity-registration systems.
  • Civil registration is a valuable source of population dynamics, basic demographic and social indicators including MDGs indicators.
  • Appropriate institutional and human infrastructure and operational procedures need to be established for capturing all vital diverse events.

We are working together since the first Conference of African Ministers responsible for Civil Registration to build a better Africa and a better world.

  • Civil registration and vital statistics are now recognised by Africa as being key to the development agenda.
  • There is an overwhelming response from partners who support the implementation of the Africa Programme on Accelerated Improvement for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (APAI-CRVS).
  • The Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Secretariat is functioning at the African Centre for Statistics to support implementation and coordination.
  • Awareness has been created on the importance of civil registration and vital statistics for sustainable development.
  • Conceptual and operational frameworks and technical and methodological materials were developed.
  • Experts have addressed some of the fundamental bottlenecks that came in the way of improvement of systems in the region.

A key aim is to create  a consolidated policy and implementation agenda for a better Africa.

  • The APAI-CRVS emerged from the need to bring together various initiatives on the continent into a common and consolidated policy and advocacy framework.
  • The overall objective is to provide management and programmatic guidance to reform and improve civil registration and vital statistics.
  • The APAI-CRVS recognises the socio-economic and political diversities of African countries and thus the need for a more decentralised approach that promotes and enhances indigenous knowledge and creativity in resolving problems and challenges in order to improve civil registration and vital statistics systems.

There can be no sustainable development without reliable information on the identities, civil status and welfare of our people.

  • Civil registration is the conventional information source in generating individual information that guides the implementation of healthcare services.
  • Birth registration enables access to public and private services.
  • Birth registration ensures government planning for the provision of welfare and social services.
  • In South Africa, it is an offense not to register your child at birth.
  • The Department of Home Affairs registers births, marriages, divorces and deaths.



Targeted messages

  • Building a caring society together

  • Birth registration enables access to public and private services. Birth registration ensures government’s planning for the provision of social and welfare services.
  • South African law requires the registration of a child within 30 days of birth.
  • Your visibility starts with birth registration.
  • Be visible, be known, be accountable.
  • Your birth counts, make sure you are registered.
  • Who are you? The government can’t know you if your birth is not registered.
  • Lack of birth registration denies you your constitutional rights such as housing, education, healthcare, social services and citizenship.


  • Every child is a national asset
  • Birth registration enables you to access your right to education.
  • Education is your passport to a better life.
  • Apply for your identity document (ID) at the age of 16.
  • Why should you register?
  • You need an ID to write your matric examinations.
  • You need your ID to register for tertiary education and further education and training.
  • You need an ID to apply for bursaries, scholarships and financial aid.

•A long and healthy life for all

  • Civil registration is the conventional information source for generating individual information that guides the implementation of healthcare services.
  • Civil registration and vital statistics informs and promotes public health in a country.
  • Register your marriage and divorce.
  • Registering your marriage/union will enable you to access your rights, benefits and protection due to you as a partner in a relationship.
  • Register your divorce to update your marital status, so as to protect your rights (to remarry, claim benefits and assets).
  • Register and be counted
  • Civil registration is an essential complement to censuses and periodic surveys.
  • Civil registration is an important process that helps in the compilation of a numerical profile of a country. This, in turn, informs decision-making at all levels – in both government and the private sector.
  • Register all deaths
  • Death registration enables the beneficiaries to access benefits such as insurance policies.
  • Death registration informs the Government about the causes of death, and enables planning or the development of measures to prevent such causes.
  • Registering the death of a spouse protects the rights of a surviving partner.


International Small Business Congress

South Africa will host the International Small Business Congress (ISBC) from 15 – 18 September 2012 at the Sandton Convention Centre in Johannesburg. The theme of the congress will be Fostering small business in new and high-potential industries worldwide.

The congress will be hosted in collaboration with the City of Johannesburg, the Foundation for African Business and Consumer Services, Khula Enterprise Finance (now the Small Enterprise Finance Agency or Sefa) and the Small Enterprise Development Agency (Seda). The congress provides for a platform to benchmark and draw lessons from both the developed and developing countries with a view of sharpening policy development and high impact programmes in the South African small, medium and micro-enterprises (SMME) sector.

The ISBC has been held annually since the first conference in Hawaii in 1974. The basic objectives are, as they were in 1974, to bring together representatives from business, governments, academic communities, financial institutions and trade associations for the purpose of exchanging views about SMME policies and programmes for assisting them, providing possible solutions to the challenges and providing business and market opportunities among participating SMMEs. Further, the objectives are to develop communication linkages and networks to continue meaningful contacts and relationships, resulting in mutual assistance among the various countries.  

Since the first congress in 1974, the ISBC has hosted 36 annual congresses in different parts of the world, enabling entrepreneurship and small business promoters to gain exposure to different contexts, thereby enriching their own practice in their home countries.

This will be the first time that the congress is held in Africa, and the organisers are hoping that practitioners in Africa will take advantage of this opportunity to increase their voice and influence in this global network.

Each congress bears a strong local flavour, while simultaneously showcasing leading practices from around the world. Participants leave each congress with a great deal of information on the state of entrepreneurship and small business promotion worldwide.

Key Messages Supporting Statements


Government has prioritised entrepreneurship and the advancement of SMMEs as the catalyst to achieving economic growth and development.

  • Government has prioritised entrepreneurship and the advancement of SMMEs as the catalyst to achieving economic growth and development.
  • Due to its labour-absorptive capacity, the SMME sector is also able to address other socio-economic conditions such as employment and poverty.
  • The Department of Trade and Industry, with the assistance of other government departments and institutions, takes the lead in implementing SMME-related policies and strategies, ensuring that the sector is provided with adequate financial and non-financial assistance to facilitate its long-term prosperity and that of the country as a whole.
  • The congress will explore the impact of the current global economy and possibly seek ways in which small businesses respond to depressed economic conditions of various participating countries.
  • The congress will expose SMMEs to business opportunities in South Africa and the world.
  • In addition, the congress will host an exhibition where SMMEs and other organisations can showcase and market their products and services.

Government is committed to growing the economy through, among others, the development of  SMMEs.

  • Government has set up, among other institutions, the Seda as key driver of SMME support in South Africa.
  • A new government agency to fund small businesses was launched in Cape Town on 23 April 2012.
  • The Sefa focuses on small-scale manufacturing, agro-processing, services in infrastructure development, mining services, the green economy and tourism.
  • The Sefa is wholly a subsidiary of the Industrial Development Corporation (IDC), resulting from a merger of Khula Enterprise Finance, the South African Micro-Finance Apex Fund and the IDC small-business lending book.
  • This merger was identified by the New Growth Path as an action that would expand government’s support to small businesses.
  • Government has established the Jobs Fund, worth R9 billion, for employment creation. It was launched by the Minister of Finance on 7 June 2011. The fund is expected to benefit SMMEs, especially in depressed sectors, to stimulate growth and employment.
  • The Women’s Empowerment Fund, managed by the IDC, has been established to assist businesses with a minimum shareholding by women of at least 50% (shareholding between 25% and 50% will be considered on revised terms).
  • The Technology Venture Capital Fund was established and is managed by the IDC to fund innovative ideas that require prototype and intellectual property registrations.

We will continue to create a policy environment that promotes development of SMMEs.

Some of the policy and legislation that govern matters related to SMMEs are:

The ISBC is held in South Africa during Heritage and Tourism Month, highlighting the importance of domestic and business tourism in the economy.

  • The ISBC would not be complete without the warmth and hospitality of South Africa and her people, vibrant African entertainment and an opportunity for delegates to explore our beautiful cities, country and continent.
  • Entrepreneurs are encouraged to invest in the tourism sector, which is one of the important sectors of our economy.
  • Government has taken measurers to support and ensure the sustainability of the tourism industry.
  • The recent tourism statistics highlight the important contribution of business tourism to the growth of this jewel industry.
South Africa plans to make the most of this learning and exchange platform. Some emerging recommendations from the policy reviews include:
  • Tax rebates and regulations: the current tax concessions for the SMMEs sector are welcomed and should continuously be encouraged. Red-tape reduction and turnaround in support structures need to be addressed. This needs urgent government attention.
  • Capacity-building:  education, training and skills development in entrepreneurship and financial management are necessary for SMME development.
  • Programmes that encourage business incubation and hand-holding support are encouraged.
  • Incentives: tax holidays and incentives that promote private sector contribution to SMME development are important.
  • Marketing: there is a need for the development of demand-side measures to promote goods and services of SMMEs.
  • Finance: stimulation of other financing mechanisms such as venture capital, bridging finance, equity finance, and angel investments networks and related technical support measures are needed to increase a pool of SMME funding and access to credit.
  • Technology: it is necessary to identify and invest in technologies that can assist in increasing efficiency of SMMEs.
  • Recognition of the sector and advocacy: strengthening the voice of small business through the development and skilling of local business chambers and associations will go a long way in the implementation of such organisations as an extension of the SMME support network.





National Development Plan

Following months of public consultation and revision, the National Development Plan 2030 was handed over to President Jacob Zuma by the Chairperson of the National Planning Commission, Minister Trevor Manuel.

The handover of the document was conducted during a joint sitting of both Houses in Parliament. A draft of the plan was released by the Commission in November last year and six months of public consultation followed. The Commission has now revised the document with inputs from South Africans from all walks of life, business, labour, government departments, provinces, state-owned enterprises and agencies.


2012 Readathon campaign

With a supporting statement of "The more you read, the more you know". The launch of READ Educational Trust's 2012 Readathon, from August to October 2012, is heartening news to those concerned about South Africa’s literacy. Started by READ, the annual Readathon is a literacy awareness campaign that focuses on exciting activities and encourages the appreciation of the joy of reading.

Adhering to tradition, the 2012 campaign will be built around a number of literacy activities, central to which is a handbook that encourages teachers by providing literacy activities and provides them with a selection of stories, quotations, slogans, competitions and posters. It includes a variety of writing frames, examples and illustrations – invaluable for the workshops that will be held over the next three months. Some 4 000 handbooks will be distributed to schools nationally; these can also be downloaded from the READ website in three booklet formats.


Gas exploration deal
State oil company PetroSA and Indian oil and gas exploration company, the Cairn India Group signed a farm-in agreement for crude oil and natural gas exploration in the Orange Basin. According to PetroSA, the Orange Basin is an emerging hydrocarbon province, with the potential of oil and gas discoveries, and Block 1 will serve as an anchor exploration asset in South Africa,
The agreement centres around the offshore area on the north-western border between South Africa and Namibia, which covers an area of 19 922 km2. It is currently in the initial stages of exploration after PetroSA acquired a 1 500 km2 three-dimensional seismic survey in 2009.

Cairn India will hold a 60% interest in the block through its wholly owned South African subsidiary, and will be the operator; with PetroSA holding the remaining interest. This falls in line with PetroSA's ambitions to grow into a leading integrated African energy company.

South Africa’s train sector

Transnet Rail Engineering is planning a factory to build 7 224 metro coaches for South Africa’s R123-billion rolling-stock renewal programme.
The initiative to build or modify an existing plant is in line with Transnet’s goal to foster a domestic train-building industry, and with government’s aim to re-industrialise the economy through its infrastructure programme.

Skills development and job creation

Mercedes-Benz South Africa's manufacturing plant in East London in the Eastern Cape is training 800 technicians in a skills development programme ahead of the start of production of its next generation C-Class range in 2014.

In December 2010, it was announced that the East London plant had been selected as one of only four Daimler plants worldwide to manufacture the C-Class.

These preparations form part of a R2,5-billion investment, which includes construction of a new auto body shop and the introduction of a variety of new technologies. The investment will allow the company to deepen the economic contribution of the production facility to both the province and the rest of the country, as well as improving the sustainability of the local community.

Nissan is to invest more than R1 billion in South Africa to double the production capacity at its Rosslyn assembly plant to 100 000 units a year and for the production of a new one-ton pick-up for the domestic and export markets. The investment was expected to create about 800 new direct jobs within Nissan South Africa (Nissan SA) and about 4 000 jobs in its supply chain.

South African business school named international business leader

The Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University’s (NMMU) business school has been named an international business leader at the third annual Asia’s Best Business Schools award ceremony, held in Singapore in July.

The awards are organised by the World Brand Congress and Chief Marketing Officer (CMO) Asia, which is an arm of the California-based CMO Council, a peer network of marketing executives and brand decision-makers from around the world. It promotes global best practices, knowledge sharing, market transformation and relationship building among its more than 20 000 individual members located in 100 countries.

CMO member companies include Mastercard, National Geographic, Pepsi, Google, Apple and Lego, and in South Africa, all the major banks, Pam Golding Properties, Foschini, the JSE and Nandos.

Global network for South African innovators

The South African Business Link to Experts (SABLE) Accelerator, a global network driven by South African expatriates, was launched in California's Silicon Valley to help boost the country's competitiveness and realise a better return on its innovation and entrepreneurship, in both the public and private sectors.

The SABLE Accelerator, launched in association with a number of prominent South African private and public sector partners, was formed by three South Africans living in Silicon Valley and London: Donovan Neale-May, Werner Mansfeld and Kurt Pakendorf.

The international group is dedicated to helping South African entrepreneurs, new venture start-ups, academic institutions and companies with commercialising technology innovations, promoting and protecting intellectual property, funding new business concepts, financing growth, and expanding into global markets.

Science and technology

The Square Kilometre Array Project

Square Kilometre Array (SKA) South Africa has awarded a R630-million contract for the design, manufacture and installation of 64 antennas for the MeerKAT, a precursor to the SKA telescope, to a South African-American consortium, with 75% of the contract value to be spent locally.

The 64-dish Karoo Array Telescope (MeerKAT), which is being built alongside the planned SKA site in a radio astronomy reserve near the small town of Carnarvon in the Northern Cape, will constitute 25% of the first phase of the SKA's mid-frequency array.